Software

ALEXIS
1984Helps teachers comment on student work by translating codes input by the teacher into commentary texts of feedback (Jansen, Steehouder, Pilot, Schrauwen, Looijmans, pp. 35-36).
Aspects
Software suite for group authorship. Accommodates up to 12 users and includes a chat function for co-authors. Described in Day & Batson (1995).
BURKE
1977
ClassWriter
Software suite including The Electronic Dialectical Notebook and Conversation. Described in Day & Batson (1995).
CLEARCUT
CLEARCUT identifies problem words that confuse meaning and suggests shorter, clearer alternatives (Mortenson, 1987, pp. 71).
COLLABORATIVE WRITER
A Macintosh program composed of checklists for collaborative writing tasks as well as drafting and revision guidelines (Boston, 1990, pp. 95-96).
Comments
1989
COMPTRACE
1985Records every keystroke and then replays composing session (Zeni Flinn, pp. 31).
Conference Writer
Word processor with integrated sharing tools. Described in Day & Batson (1995).
Contact
An email program. Part of the Daedalus suite. Described in Day & Batson (1995).
Conversation
Network messaging tool. Part of ClassWriter suite. Described in Day & Batson (1995).
Create/Recreate
Document-commenting program that supported teachers in providing students with feedback, including tutorials on mechanical issues and the ability to connect a comment to particular text (Leblanc, 1993, pp. 34 ff., 157). [Date is earliest mention.]
Creative Problem-Solving
Document-commenting program that supported teachers in providing students with feedback, including tutorials on mechanical issues and the ability to connect a comment to particular text (Leblanc, 1993, pp. 34 ff., 157). [Date is earliest mention.]
CSILE (Computer-Supported Intentional Learning Environment)
1989
Daedalus Integrated Writing Environment
Suite of networked writing and messaging tools.
EVALUATE
Software that highlights personal pronouns and prints out a readability report (Mortenson, 1987, pp. 70).
Eyeball
Forum
Networked discussion software. Described in Day & Batson (1995): http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/1.2/coverweb/cmcmday.html
Forum
1987
FREE
1981
HOMER
Text analysis program that provides stylistic feedback (Little, pp. 107).
HOWL
A computer conferencing system that used "topic" threads to facilitate online discussion (Orr, 1998, pg. 98).
Hypercard
1987A program that allows users to create hypermedia systems that link text, graphics, video and sound (Slatin, 1992, pp.109).
HyperStudio
1989Multimodal publishing platform for Apple II
IDEAFISHER
IDEAFISHER is an idea development software that includes an extensive thesaurus, a notepad for word processing and questions to stimulate creative thought (Wallia, 1990, pp. 105).
Idealog
1986
Interchange
1988A networked chat program allowing for realtime digital class discussions. Part of the Daedalus suite. Described in Day & Batson (1995): http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/1.2/coverweb/cmcmday.html. Other details from LeBlanc, 1993.
Invent
Program for invention that includes heuristic questions for writers derived from Aristotle, Burke, and tagmemic theory. Described in Day & Batson (1995): http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/1.2/coverweb/cmcmday.html
MILE
2000MILE (McMaster Interactive Lesson Environment) could teach students terminology and grammar and composition skills using multiple choice questions (Buckley; 2000) Superseded by WebMILE.
Mindwriter
Hypertext, networked based writing environment (LeBlanc, 1993, p. 159)
Netware
1983Creates a virtual classroom in which students and teachers can retrieve shared files and send messages for peer review (Curtis and Moran pp. 67).
Notes
Online Writing Program
OpenForum
Networked brainstorming and feedback tool: "A hypercard based brainstorming tool which uses Appletalk to share idea windows. Each post is appended to the session record, which all other connected participants can view and respond to." Description by Day & Batson (1995): http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/1.2/coverweb/cmcmday.html
Organize
[needs more information] (LeBlanc, 1993, p. 34)
PARSE
A program that counts characters, words and action verbs. It provides a grade-level reading report (Mortenson, 1987, pp. 90).
POETICS
1986Offers tutorials, practices, and an authoring system for teaching elements of speech in poetry (Norman, pp. 100).
Prep Editor
1993
Prewrite
Prose
1989
Real-time Writer
Networked chat environment. Has real-time chat and search feature. Described in Day & Batson (1995): http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/1.2/coverweb/cmcmday.html
Respond
A heuristic for peer review. Part of the Daedalus suite. Described in Day & Batson (1995): http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/1.2/coverweb/cmcmday.html
SEEN
1992
Seen: Tutorials for Critical Reading
1982Seen is a series of "tutorials" that pose reflective questions to students. After working through a tutorial, students post their work to a public board (Dorwick, 1992, pp. 101).
Storyspace
1987Allows readers to add links and change text to create hypertext fiction (Clark, 2001).
STYLED
A program that reviews text on a sentence level to analyze word length, punctuation, syntax and nominalization (Mortenson, 1987, pp. 70).
TAGI
1997
TeamFocus
This set of tools was developed for group decision-support but is also used as a sequence of environments to support groups going through a writing process. On local-area networks. Description from Day & Batson (1995): http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/1.2/coverweb/cmcmday.html
The Electronic Dialectical Notebook
Described in Day & Batson (1995): http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/1.2/coverweb/cmcmday.html
Thoughtline
1988
TK3
Program that allows novice computer users to create multimedia ebooks that "integrate word, image, video, sound, and web links" (Kuhn 2005).
TOOLBOOK
1990TOOLBOOK is a hypertext and hypermedia authoring tool, often compared to Hypercard (Fortune, 1992, pp. 118-119). The final version was released in 2012.
TOPOI
1977
TRANSTEXT
A hypertext program that uses keyboard commands to summon embedded files (Larsen, 1990, pp. 100).
WE (Writing Environment)
Wordswork
Write
Basic word processor. Part of the Daedalus suite. Described in Day & Batson (1995): http://kairos.technorhetoric.net/1.2/coverweb/cmcmday.html
Writer's Helper for Windows
Software that offers prewriting and writing strategies using model formats and peer review (Posey, 1992, pp. 94). Earlier versions of this software include Writer's Helper and Writer's Helper, Stage II.
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